Our studies and analyses

The Framework Convention on the Protection and Sustainable Development of the CarpathiansThe Framework Convention on the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Carpathians (2017)

(56 pages, English)
The study, written by Dr. Rudolf Bauer, analyses the Carpathian Framework Conventions which was signed by seven cooperating parties in 2003, and which aims to supports multi-sectoral policy coordination and joint strategies for sustainable development. The author analysed the Carpathian region, the common visions, general objectives, working groups, the Secretariat and outputs from the most interesting projects of the Convention.

Overview of the EGTCs around Hungary

Overview of the EGTCs around Hungary (2016)
(131 pages, English)
CESCI has published the most comprehensive analysis so far on the functioning of the EGTCs involving Hungarian members. The volume edited by Sara Svensson (CEU) and Gyula Ocskay (CESCI) treats the legal, economic and social conditions of the functioning of the EGTCs, gives an overview on the history of the governmental policies supporting the groupings and within an evaluating chapter it summarizes the results the groupings have achived so far.

Joint Spatial Planning in Komárno and Komárom (címlap)Joint Spatial Planning in Komárno and Komárom (2016)
(55 pages, English)

CESCI scholar Lilla Krisztina Szilágyi's study presents a remarkable initiative from the Slovak-Hungarian border region. A joint spatial planning document was set up by the Slovak Komárno and Hungarian Komárom. Introduction of the situation in the relevant urban area is followed by a presentation of the exemplary cooperation and an overview of the joint development document. In the study, the main challenges of the joint development plan's realisation are reviewed, and resolution proposals are put forward by the author, using examples of existing best practices.


The Carpathian Euroregion project coverThe Carpathian Euroregion project (2015) (37 pages, English)

The study elaborated by Mr Rudolf Bauer PhD, director of CESCI Carpathia, Košice (Slovakia) gives an overview on the ’Carpathian euroregion’ project, its history, mission, role in de-bordering processes in the region, its governance structure and perspectives.


Report on the impact of the Madrid Outline Convention and its Protocols on cross-border cooperation between Hungary and its neighbours (2014) (23 pages, English)

The report offering an overview on the development of cross-border cooperation and the role of the Madrid Outline Convention and its Protocols in it, was prepared to the invitation of the Democracy, Institution-Building and Governance Department of the Council of Europe. In addition it briefly presents the instrument of the European Union, the EGTC (European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation) and those of the Council of Europe, the ECG (Euroregional Cooperation Grouping). Each chapter separately deals with the situation of Hungary in the given issue.

Cross-border cooperation and development in the light of Euro-Atlantic integration process along Hungarian borders (2014) (143 pages, Hungarian)

The study was prepared to the invitation of the Hungarian Atlantic Council. In the first part it summarizes the presentations of the conference organized on cross-border cooperation by the Council and the Edutus College on 4th February 2014. Following this it examines the existing and potential cross-border cooperation along the external borders of the European Union in terms of the Euro-Atlantic integration. In case of both Ukraine and Serbia it analyses the legal and territorial framework of the cooperation and its impact on stability.

Overall analysis of the CBC programmes with Hungarian participation in the period of 2007-2013 (62 pages, Hungarian)

CESCI as a subcontractor took part in the preparation of the study which aims at giving an overview on the results of the cross-border cooperation programmes with Hungarian participation in the period of 2007-2013. The study is based on the issue that the main mission of the ETC, IPA and ENPI programmes is to bolster the territorial, economic and social cohesion. Accordingly following a general introduction presenting the cross-border programmes of 2007-2013, the study reported on those exemplary projects implemented within the framework of the single programmes which reach definite results in the field of one of the three types of cohesion.

Altering cross-border city influencing areas and power relations in the Carpathian Basin, and the geostrategic potential of cooperation, spatial planning and public utilities correlations (2013) (209 pages, Hungarian)

The overall study was prepared for the National University of Public Services. In the introductory chapters we analysed the Central European geopolitical processes of the last decades highlighting the potentials of cross-border cooperation.
Then we examined the Hungarian border regions from cohesion aspect according to the formerly worked out planning methodology and marked out those points where cross-border cooperation may play an important role in the abolishment of the peripheral position of the territory.

REG-NET. Establishment of a Territorial and Development Network. Analysis of the set-up of a Slovenian-Hungarian regional development umbrella organization (2013) (278 pages, Hungarian-English)

CESCI as a subcontractor joined the implementation of the SI-HU-2-2-018 Slovenian-Hungarian project. Our task was to examine that within what legal framework, with what territorial scope and what kind of organizational structure would a Hungarian-Slovenian umbrella organization for spatial development would be worth setting up. In the study we gave an overview on the solutions of cross-border institutionalised cooperation applied in Europe. We also analysed that what would be the optimal geographical scope of the planned cooperation from the viewpoint of territorial functionality. Finally we made proposals on the organizational structure based on the functions undertaken by the organization.

Comparative study for the legal conditions of the establishment of EGTC organizations (2012) (116 pages, Hungarian)

Within the framework of our strategic agreement with the National University of Public Services we prepared an overall study which serves the preparedness of the future public servants in terms of cross-border cooperation. The study presents three topics:

  • legal frameworks of cross-border cooperation in Europe
  • EGTC regulations of Hungary and the neighbours, and the opportunities of EGTC foundation with third countries
  • Legal framework and process of the EGTC foundation.


Integrated planning methodology. Guideline (2012) (121 pages, Hungarian)

Within the framework of our strategic agreement with the National University of Public Services we prepared an overall study and an educational guideline on planning of strategic cooperation of municipalities. After offering general information on spatial science the book introduces the integrated planning practice and presents the methodologies of the cohesion-based cross-border strategic planning in details.


Feasibility study on a European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation of employment (2012) (88 pages, Hungarian)

Within the framework of the 1.3.1 priority project of the Social Renewal Operational Programme, CESCI as a subcontractor took part in the preparation of a study which analysed whether the establishment of an EGTC of employment with the participation of the National Employment Service is worth and can be realised. The issue is examined from three aspects by the study: it looks through the legal-regulatory framework, analyses the contextual matters (types of EGTC-s, advantages and disadvantages of the EGTC, EURES partnerships); and also examines the financial issues. The study is ended with an alternative analysis.

Overall study and action plan for expanding the labour force migration in the Hungarian-Romanian border region. (2012) (163 pages, Hungarian)

As a subcontractor, within the framework of the 1.3.1 priority project of the Social Renewal Operational Programme we worked on the study which gives an overview of the relating literature, analyses the Hungarian-Romanian border region in terms of labour force gravity and legal aspect. Finally the study drafts break-out points in five fields and also includes an action plan for their implementation.

Legal review about deliverance of certain duties of the Hungarian and Romanian local governments to the European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (2011-2012) (62 pages, Hungarian)

Within the framework of the Hungarian-Romanian ETC project titled The Value border. The forming of an innovative community service system extending over on a border project (HURO/0901/110/2.5.1) our task was the examination of the legal conditions of the planned service system. However the call (according to the documentation) required the analysis for only EGTC foundation, we also took other institutional structures into consideration. The major part of the study focuses on the relating Hungarian and Romanian legal framework for municipal governance and the comparison of the EGTC Regulation of the two countries.

Feasibility study on the opportunities and conditions of the application for grants of the National Employment Office (2012) (36 pages, Hungarian)

As a subcontractor within the framework of the 1.3.1 priority project of the Social Renewal Operational Programme we had the opportunity to participate in the preparation of a study which lists and presents the potential grants on EU level (not national) supporting projects with employment purposes. In addition it also offers practical information for the preparation of international applications.

New generation of cross-border cooperation. Introduction of best practices along the Hungarian-Slovak border (2011) (21 pages, Hungarian and Slovak)

The Interregion Forum Association ordered the elaboration of the best practice study within the framework of a project supported by the Standard Grant of the Visegrad Fund. The short study and the relating documentary made with our mentorship presents five case studies with initiatives which established long-term strategic partnerships or have such perspectives.

Innoaxis. The institutional condition of realisation. CESCI’s chapter on institutional development within the framework of the INNOAXIS project (2011) (33 pages, Hungarian)

The study was prepared within the framework of the Hungarian-Serbian IPA project titled The borderline as an axis of innovation (HU-SRB/0901/213/028) to the invitation of the Regional Science Association of Subotica. It aims at discovering how long-term, institutionalised development cooperation can be set up along the external borders of the Union. The colleagues of CESCI examined its legal framework, pointed out the factors defining the optimal scope of the partnership and also analysed its financial conditions.


An analysis of the external and internal legal regulations governing the EGTC (2011) (76 pages, English and Polish)

The study was prepared to the invitation of the West Pomerania Province. The task was to survey if the establishment of an EGTC is worth in case of the consortium uniting six countries for the sake of setting up the North-South transport corridor (Central European Transport Corridor) and if yes how should it be done. Our association analysed the relating regular environment of the six countries, made a proposal on the way of the foundation and the organizational structure too. Finally we worked out the draft statute and convention for the planned Poland based EGTC.


Contribution of the CESCI to the revision of the EGTC Regulation (2010) (46 pages, English)

The study relating to the review of the EGTC Regulation was prepared within the framework of the consultation launched by Alberto Núñez Feijóo governor of Galícia province. It has two parts: at first it analyses the conceptual framework of the EGTC as a new instrument for cooperation, then it gives an itemised opinion on the EU regulation drafting proposals on the potential changes.



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The b-solutions initiative opens the 3rd call for proposals. In doing so, applicants that are facing administrative and legal obstacles in cross-border cooperation have the chance to request support. Applicants can submit their application until 21st of September 2020. Please find all the relevant information for this call for proposals at https://www.b-solutionsproject.com/call-for-proposals


The Commission's public consultation on the future of transport has been launched. The consultation is available here and can be completed by September 23, 2020.


On 16 June 2020, the Association of European Border Regions (AEBR), the Mission Opérationnelle Transfrontalière (MOT) and the Central European Support Service for Cross-Border Initiatives (CESCI) established the European Border Citizens' Alliance to promote cross-border cooperation along all European borders.


Monday and Tuesday in Uzhhorod we signed a strategic cooperation memorandum addressing cross-border cooperation together with the Department of Economics and Law of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences and the Faculty of Law of the National University of Uzhhorod. The event included a scientific meeting and a training for public servants.


The AEBR organised its third Cross-Border School in Dresden with the aim to share the experiences of professionals and knowledge of academics of the cross-border cooperation field. Our association's strategic planner, Melinda Benczi, contributed to the discourse by presenting the cohesion-based strategic planning methodology of CESCI as well as conducting a simulation game on the role of individual stakeholders in cross-border development.